Posts Tagged ‘Tyres’

Winter tyres

The ordinary tyres when compared to winter tyres fail in situations where the car is held up in a driveway filled with snow. Winter tyres on the other hand transform the car and make them usable even in extreme conditions such as sleet, rain, snow, dry, slush, up hill and down dale.
One should never take liberties with the functioning of tyres. While driving on black ice the safety is of utmost importance and since in UK it almost snows for the most part of the year the need for finding a winter tyre increases even more. Taking this fact into consideration the tyre manufacturers in UK have started making extra tyres but over the past few years the demand has far exceeded the supply.

Vredestein Tyres – Your All Season Tyres

Are you looking for tyres that gives off a superb performance whether its summer or winter season? Vredestein Tyre must be worth considering your time and money. Vredestein winter tyres use a higher proportion of natural rubber with its silica compounds to maintain its flexibility in cold conditions. Vredestein tyres supply and fit a comprehensive range of tyres at low prices. It produces a vast range of tyres for cars, vans, motorbikes and Vredestein 4×4 tyres. There have been a Vredestein Trac generation which includes the Vredestein Quatrac 3, Vredestein Sportrac 3, Vredestein Ultrac, and other Vredestein winter tyres. Vredestein Ultrac is a high performance tyre based on its strong points which is the improved steering and handling characteristics. A faster cornering is even possible because of its unique tread pattern and high tracking power. It was said to have more grip in cold, warm, and wet conditions, much better sidewall response under cornering. It also has less wear, less rolling resistance and less noise in motorways. Vredestein Quatrac 3, on the other hand, is fine on dry road surfaces and outstanding scores on wet and snowy surfaces. It ensures safety and security for drivers, has short braking distance on both wetand snow surfaces, making it a balanced and versatile tyre.

The Vredestein Ricorso tyres is an ideal tyres for recreational use. It has an excellent cycling performance, equipped with integrated protection which makes it more comfortable for touring and training tyre. It is designed to be a very high quality training/recreational style tyre which provides long lasting durability and outstanding puncture resistance while you put in a miles of training time. Vredestein Ricorso tyre may be the best for you if you are demanding the only very best even for training or recreational activity. However, if you are looking for an improved braking power and low rolling resistance which fits in a range of sizes. Vredestein Sportrac 3 may be the best choice for you, with its even surface, it surely helps reduce braking distance and improve traction, water dispersion and handling performances.

If you aren’t still familiar with Vredestein tyres then start making acquainted with it. It is an outstanding tyre company that pursues perfection and strives to produce the only very best racing equipment on the market. Whether you are a racer or a recreational rider, you will surely find the best Vredestein tyres on your ride. Vredestein tyres can intensely increase the performance of your vehicle. It greatly provides the best tread patterns available from Vredestien Ultrac, Sportrac and Winter tyre ranges. There tyres are designed for a long life, optimum comfort and safety, promoting a clean environment. It is also tagged as the all season tyres known for its maximum water displacement, superb handling on dry or wet roads, excellent self- cleaning properties for mud snow, flexible and dynamic for sporty character, versatile, optimal contact with the road surface, good controllability, and definitely a real four – season tyres.

Vredestein Tyres – A good winter and summer tyres

Winter season is not only the time of the year wherein you are about to go out to create your frosty snowman instead it is the season where you are going to change your car’s gears particularly the tyres. In the northern or mountainous region of Europe, locals are actually required to fit winter tyres, in fact, their law state that tyres must be changed every 10 years however, it was changed into 6 years to ensure your safety. Vredestein brand will always be the usual mention among locals. Vredestein winter tyres’ design cuts through snow and into ice to give a far greater margin of safety than with normal tyres. It can supply a large range of Vredesten summer, winter or all season tyres made for a wide range of vehicles, from cars, vans to motorbikes. Unlike those summer-spec tyre which is less able to adapt to the contour of the road surface reducing its grip levels. Winter 4 Xtreme, Showtrac and Showtracs 3 , 2 are just few of the ranges included in a Vredestein winter tyres which gives off a high quality, fantastic stability and grip. One tyre with its outstanding scores on wet and snowy surfaces such as the Vredestein Quatrac 3. It is a balanced and versatile tyre with perfect steering and handling coupled with a short braking distance on both wet and snowy surfaces. It is completely the optimal alternative for those who wants to use a single type of tyre for both summer and winter seasons instead buying two different models which could be more expensive.

If you wish to have tyres with a very good steering and handling characteristics, you can experience it with Vredestein Ultrac since it has been its strong points. The tread construction, shape and contours are optimised for every size and offers a maximum design quality. While Vredestein Sportrac 3 has its rounded footprint with its even surface which helps braking distance and improve traction, superb handling and water dispersion. Vredestein Ricorso tyres,on the other hand, are marketed and designed for training or racing. An affordable performance tire with excellent ride characteristics especially ideal for recreational use because of its comfortable touring and training tyres.

Of course, the difference between summer and winter tyres are even greater. There are more influences and factors that are in need for consideration. One thing is the pressure. Winter tyres are recommended to have inflated to a slightly higher pressures than the summer tyres so that it won’t heat up as much as the cold weather. Another thing that would affect its performance is the tread. As the tyre’s tread aged, it becomes less supple and less grippy. That’s the reason why there’s a need to change tyres once in awhile. However, Vredestein tyres are just the brand that you’re looking for, imagine this tyre is often used for all-season, whether its for summer or winter days. It might not be as good as those summer tyres, but it definitely has a big impact on longevity and performance on wet and dry roads.

Legalities of tyres

There are two options either to pay a fine for making use of illegal tyres or pay out for the tyres so that they are safe and legal. The law is in place, which has certain guidelines that everyone has to comply with in relation to their car tyres.

The driving of damaged or worn out tyres can result in the fine or result in
MOT failure. It may even affect the insurance policy of the car as well. The legal issues need to be resolved but the most important thing is to stop using the damaged or worn out tyres as they endanger the lives of its users.

The car has to be maintained at peak performances and the easiest way is to maintain proper tyres by regularly keeping a check on formation of lumps or bumps or any kind of wear and tear that occur due to the separation or partial structural failure.

The cut or tear should not exceed the length of 25mm or 10 % of the tyre’s width else the tyre needs to be replaced with a functional one as deep cuts may cause damage to the tyre’s inner cords. The tyre’s internal plies should be protected from outside exposures. And any tyre that is being fitted to the vehicle should be compatible with tyres of other wheels. One should ensure that the tyre used in the car or trailer is of permissible standards and doesn’t cause damage to the road as well as its passengers.

The legal tyre maintenance suggests that all car tyres ought to be puffed up to accurate air demands as per the recommendation of car manufacturer or tyre manufacturer. Some tyres require to be maintained at partially inflated state.

The officially permitted tread deepness of 1.6mm is the minimum requirement for car tyres. This tread depth should be throughout a continuous band in the center ¾ of the tread and around the entire circumference. The said tread depth is mandatory and the minimum legal requirement wherein the original tread pattern must be visible as well.

Carrying of spare tyres is neither mandatory nor having a spare tyre is illegal. But the spare tyres should always comply with the legal standards.

The biggest risk of making use of damaged tyres in cars or trailers is that they are a dangerous proposition for the passengers within the vehicle as well as other people and vehicles on the road. The use of illegal or damaged tyres is punishable under the law.

The traffic police can issue Fixed Penalty notices to such offenders. In case the offenders don’t comply with the charges they can be prosecuted and even arrested. The legal notices are issued in the name of driver as well as the owner, incase he/she not the same person.

A court can compel fines up to a maximum of $2,500 and three penalty points. If a car has added flawed tyre, a directive can be issued for each prohibited tyre.

Certain circumstances require total disqualification.

Effects of pressure variances in tyres

Since the day the tyre was invented or more precisely rediscovered as in way the tyre is simply a wheel that has been remodeled to adhere to the modern means of transports. The tyre that is being used today has undergone a lot of changes from the time they were introduced for the first time. The scientific growth aided by technological developments has blended with growing needs of the customer to improve the performances of tyres manifolds.

The following are the areas, which get affected due to pressure variances in the tyres:

 Braking distances
 Fuel economy
 Gripping on the road in normal conditions and on bends
 Wet weather driving conditions

Tyres that are either balding or have been improperly inflated tend to reduce the grip of the wheels on the surface of the roads. The tyres tend to buckle slightly out of shape due to the application of wrong pressure and this may result in the vehicle to become unbalanced and harder braking could lead to tilting of the vehicle to a particular side.

Lower tyre pressures lead to the use of extra force for physically moving the car and this cause more fuel to be burned to keep the car moving. For shorter distances this is not a big issue but incase one is on long drive the prospect of burning more fuel is a nightmare as one has to pay for the petrol and it is a matter of concern.

The gripping of tyres under normal circumstances is greatly reduced due to presence of less air pressure in tyres. The risk is increased in bends as this may escort to deadly penalty. The lack of pressure in tyres causes the tyre to be pushed at a greater angle then they should actually be moving to. The entire scenario is that the area of tread is off the road slightly on one side and bottom of the sidewall is being used as exterior tyre on the supplementary. The loss in grip will considerably reduce the steer of the vehicle.

And finally the wet weather conditions are too harsh and require the tyres to be in perfect condition. Any sort of air pressure variances in the tyres can cause lot of damages. The tyres are provided with tread pattern to move the water away from under the front of the tyre to its sides without it having to go underneath.

If the tyre has water underneath it the surface of the tyre losses contact with the road and this phenomenon is called aquaplaning. Lower air pressures in tyre reduce the effect of treads and the tyres have a greater tendency for to lose grip in wet weather.
Aquaplaning is a severe consequence where the tyre has no grip on the road surface and the minimization of this phenomenon is key to safety. Tyres are provided with treads for negating the effect of aquaplaning but overused tyres or balding tyres tend to have less treads leading to loss of grip in wet road surfaces.

Cross Ply tyres versus Radial Ply Tyres

Cars make use of the radial tyres entirely but the ones fitted to motorbikes retain the cross-ply form of construction and even the tyre engineers state that radial tyres are not appropriate for motorbikes. This is in fact quite right as cars and motorbikes are very different and should have different tyre requirements. However, of late the radial tyres are considered to have benefits to offer to motorbikes as well.
Several piles of cord are laid on top of each other at a bias angle of 40 to 50° to make a cross ply tyre. This consequence in the creation of a cross at an direction of 80 to 100°. The layered and angled structure of ply tyres results in the tread not reacting in exact symmetry to that of the loads applied.
The symmetry is completely lacking in cross ply tyres and this can cause the tyre to run to one side nonetheless while rolling on a completely level and even surface. This effect is known as “Ply Steer”. The cross manufacture of the carcass efficiently forms parallelograms of thread imbedded in the rubber, this is not a sturdy form of construction and under driving or braking torque, upright load and centrifugal sound effects these parallelograms deform, which allows squirming of the contact area and tyre toss or diameter enlargement at elevated pace, reducing constancy and heating the tyre. Such heating eventually manifests itself as amplified rolling conflict.
By simple observation one can conclude that radial tyres create a greater and wider area of impression compared to the cross ply tyres. Such a fact highlights that radial tyres have better grip than cross ply tyres. Again in loaded conditions the radial tyres outscore the cross ply tyres as they have larger contact area with the surface of the road as they the tendency to become littile bit flat which is not the case in cross ply tyres.
Radial tyres contain less plies that is generally confined to one or two than the cross ply tyres that require three to four plies, so as to have greater flexibility in sidewalls. To maintain the entire tyre stiffness the reduction of sidewall height is required and thus results in lower profiles of 50 to 70 %. On the other hand the cross ply tyres make use of 90 to 100% of the profile. The lower profiler is an indication of having smaller diameter. The cross ply tyres have larger diameters in comparison to radial tyres of the same size. This trend contributed to the growth of 17” wheels while leading to the decline of the popular 16” wheels.
In the year 1984 radial tyres were introduced for the first time. The bias belted tyres were the most commonly used tyres until then. The cross-ply tyres were the next in line of production, which added circumferential belt plies. As and when the developments took place the older technology got replaced with newer ones giving way to improved tyre strength, agility and overall performances.

Properties of tyres

Tyres are an integral element in any bike and their main function is to transmit all the forces amid the bike and road. The properties of tyre are one aspect that is better if it remains constant. The tyres are the key to the handling properties of bikes. The vehicle manufacturers specify the properties of the tyres that are provided along with the new bikes.

But the same cannot be said about the after market tyres which are completely different from the original tyres. Even if they may be similar in design their handling characteristics can differ a lot since the forces generated between the tyres and the ground will determine the machine’s behavior.

The engineering involved or the sophisticated designing and fabrication in manufacturing of tyres is always hidden from the users due to the simplicity and multitude of tasks they are able to achieve. The earliest versions of pneumatic tyres were used for increasing the comfort level and decrease the load on wheels. The modern day bikes make use of suspension systems but it is the tyres that are responsible for absorbing the initial shocks from road.
The various criteria depending on which the tyre has to be chosen depends on:
 Driver’s safety
 Handling
 Comfort
 Service life
 Economy
 Environmental compatibility
Ensuring the driver’s safety is of prime concern and this is achieved by letting the tyre to sit firmly on the rim. Such an arrangement is possible by implementation of a special bead design and making use of safety rim.

Handling of tyres is also a key feature that allows one to make decisions based on the type of vehicle they will use. Smaller vehicles should be provided with thin tyres for better handling and larger ones such as cars or trucks may need broader and bigger or smaller tyres to achieve the same.

Compromising on the comfort by going for style is never advisable. Lean and thinner varieties of tyres may be quite appealing to use but one should tread with caution and always look for tyres that are recommended by the manufacturer and should not opt for cheaper variants as well.

The tyres come with a shelf life that is mentioned by the manufacturer and one has to take care to purchase tyres that have longer shelf life and only buy the original ones to avoid problems related to its cheaper variants. Tyre manufacturers also offer free services for increasing the longetivity of the tyres and repair some of the minor wear and tear too.

Disposal of used tyres

It is a huge challenge for the automobile industry to be in compliance with the legislations of environmental protection by safe disposal of tyres. The power rests on the Department of Environment and Resource management.

According to the Environmental Protection Regulation 2008 businesses carrying out activities such as storing of tyres or recycling of tyres that is an environmental relevant activity (ERA) have to to acquire a progress sanction and a registration certificate. The certifications are ERA 56 for storage of tyres and ERA 59 for the recycling of tyres. In addition to this the reaching of threshold limits attracts an annual fee that is calculated on the basis of aggregate environmental scores (AES) for apiece ERA.

At present the threshold limit for storing tyres is fixed at 5 tonnes or not more than 500 tyres or part of tyres. ERA 56 certification is required for exceeding this limit. The regulatory and administrative authority was formerly called as the Environmental Protection Agency and has been newly named as Department of Environment and Resource Management or DERM.

The tyre recyling units operating a facility on a commercial basis come under the ERA 59 and recyling or receiving and reprocessing of 1000 or equivalent units of tyres is the threshold limit. Hence it doesn’t attract an AES but the obtaining of DERM permit is essential. The said activity is exclusive of retreading tyres.

The Beenleigh tyre dealer was reprimanded by the Chief Executive of DERM for violating the environmental protection order and failing to remove excess stockpiles of tyres at its various properties. The Brisbane Planning and Environment Court gave the verdict stating that Section 360 of Environmental Protection Act 1994 was violated and action has to be taken against the tyre dealer. The Beenleigh Magistrates Court fined the tyre dealer a sum of $85000.

For the unlawful management of waste tyres the Environmental Protection Order was issued to the tyre dealer. The main concern of DERM was that the stockpiles of thousands of tyres were an environmental hazard, and the possibility of a fire hazard can’t be ruled out as well. Plus the area had turned into a reproduction land for insects, particularly mosquitoes. Such illegal stockpiles of tyres results in various hazards such as a risk to public health and those matters come under the Public Health Act 2005.

It is the duty of individuals to have a commitment towards their environment. Section 319 of the Environmental Protection Act 1994 highlights this issue. All the persons have moral responsibility to not carry out certain activities, which may cause harm to the environment. Until and unless the person takes all reasonable and practicable measures to minimize or prevent the harm they should not rest. The case in point revealed that the tyre dealer had failed to comply with such a duty and further he was storing tyres without a registration certificate or a development permit.
DERM was first made aware of the stockpiles of tyres from neighbors of the tyre dealer and this should serve as a cautionary tale to any of you who believe that a pile of tyres hidden behind a building are away from the public eye and scrutiny from DERM
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Goodyear Ultra Grip 8 tyres

Goodyear launched the Goodyear Ultragrip 8 tyres in succession to the UltraGrip 7+ that was a great success. Quite expectedly the Goodyear Ultragrip is loaded with new technologies and one of the interesting feature is the 3D block interlocking system technology or 3D-BIS.

The independent testing body TUV conducted various tests on the UltraGrip 8 and the results were compared with two of its competitors to gauge their level. The wet braking was found to be 4% shorter and the snow braking was 3% shorter while the traction on snow was 5% more and hence suitable for UK’s climatic conditions. The UltraGrip 8 tyres offered 16% more hindrance to aquaplaning on curled roads.

The 3D block interlocking system present in Goodyear UltraGrip 8 tyres is a very advanced technology and solves quite a few issues of winter seasons. Normally the winter tyres offer traction and grip in snow conditions only after a lot of sipes are implemented to such tyres to be able to grip the snow. The sipes may be good for snow conditions but in dry and wet roads the block movement results in a poor feedback. Compared to this the Goodyear 3D-BIT system makes use of pattern of waffle with raised pyramids and holes of rubber inside the sipes. Such an arrangement enables the tyre blocks lock together the moment they come in contact with the road which results in stiffening of the tread pattern and giving better and improved steering response on dry and wet roads.

A press release revealed that Goodyear launched new UltraGrip 8 winter tyre and the first directional tyre with 3D-BIS Technology all over the complete tread pattern for more grip and shorter braking distances. Goodyear’s innovative know-how makes sure that the new UltraGrip 8 responds to the most pressing needs of drivers in a winter tyre and that is better grip and shorter braking distances all the while providing improved braking and handling as well.

The Goodyear Ultra Grip 8 tyres are light in weight and built on carcass structure. They use carcass compounds that have low rolling resistance and result in optimizing fuel economy and emission levels of CO2 is also under check.

The Goodyear Ultra Grip 8 tyres are known for excellent performance and the safety parameters are quite efficient as well. The key requirements are handling and braking in the development of products. The UltraGrip tyres are subjected to stringent and extensive test conditions to test their performances. Even winter tyres are being introduced in continuance of their earlier successes.

The winter season is one that offers maximum challenges to car drivers and road users, as the climate is not suitable for travel and affects the tyre performances. The real threat is the frequent changes in temperatures that can go below zero degrees and deem the tyres almost unusable. For this very reason the users need to keep their cars equipped with highly effective winter tyres. This will ensure top levels of performance even in chilling temperatures and in also in varying winter weather conditions.

Goodyear eagle F1 tyres

Riding high on the success of its predecessors the Goodyear eagle asymmetric 2 with active braking technology was launched. It passed the various tests of crossed pile carcass structures and high surface silica tread compound and thus have set new standards in the wet and dry performances while taking care of the handling and braking in the ultra high performance tyre segment.

The new Eagle F1 Asymmetric 2 is known for improved dry performance handling and steering precision with exceptional braking capacities due to the features of a crossed plies carcass structure, which contributes to increased torsion tautness for enhanced navigation accuracy, usage and braking on dry road surfaces. The new tread compound, which contains very high levels of a new Silica grade is responsible for delivering superior grip levels that leads to better outcomes in dry handling and dry braking performances. The dry handling is attributed to the lower tyre weight as well since the vehicle’s overall mass is significantly reduced, enabling the tyre to pursue the surface contours additional closely.

The Short braking on wet roads are achieved through the use of Active Braking Technology, the new tread compound, using a unique blend of elevated molecular mass polymers, a extremely elevated silica content and race grip resin bring augmented levels of union on damp street surfaces

During the process of applying the brakes the Asymmetric 2 increases the road contact patch and results in shorter stopping distances. The conventional tyres blocks on the other hand demonstrate slight or no alteration during braking. In this aspect the Goodyear Eagle F1 tyres built on Asymmetric 2 design are able to develop more surface under braking load and thereby increasing the tyre to surface contact area. The larger is the contact path offered the grip is enhanced and in turn result in better stopping.

The engineers at Goodyear have paid attention to these three areas:

• Minimizing the tyre weight with less rubber and an optimizing tyre construction for reducing the heat generated and minimize rolling resistance.
• Introduction of a new ‘high surface’ silica grade which contributes in reducing the heat generated.
• The aerodynamic sidewall design is also being upgraded, which will deliver significantly lower aerodynamic drag and thus minimize energy losses, particularly at higher speeds.

The Goodyear tyres are known for lower noise emission levels. The Eagle F1 Asymmetric 2 is one such tyre that offers a smooth and quiet ride. The optimized block design of the tyre plus optimized 4 Pitches series with 64 blocks on the exterior and 72 blocks on the inside are responsible for the reduction of noise output levels.

The Goodyear tyres are also responsible for better mileages as well. The tyre’s make use of computer optimized cavity shape and tread rigidity result in consistent pressure and firmness distribution across the footprint, results in better mileage levels.
The reduction in fuel consumption and CO2 emissions are also the features of these tyres which make them unique as the new Eagle F1 Asymmetric 2 makes use of Goodyear’s renowned Fuel economy Technology, which ensures lower fuel utilization and CO2 emissions.